The capital of Argentina is usually associated with the name Evita, tango or football. This is a real “city of contrasts” – next to modern skyscrapers, the old Spanish quarters are preserved here, and numerous poor neighborhoods and slums contrast with the fashionable areas of the center and suburbs. The old part of the city is reminiscent of Paris, London and Madrid at the same time, while the new districts of Buenos Aires are a modern city with high-rise buildings and skyscrapers that house business centers and offices of large companies. The general development of the capital, however, retains the features of the colonial period – the main square with access to the sea and the rectilinear configuration of the streets. The city is rich in greenery, parks and boulevards, in the central part there are many different monuments and monuments.
The capital of the country has a relatively short, but very turbulent history. Attempts by the Spanish conquistadors to build a city in the mouth of La Plata, so convenient for ships, were repeatedly interrupted by attacks by warlike Indian tribes, so the date of foundation of the city is considered to be 1580 – then the city was called Nueva Señora de Santa Maria del Buenos Aires. But after numerous ups and downs, the city was practically wiped off the face of the earth by devastating earthquakes of the 19th century, and rebuilt somewhat aside. In 1880, Buenos Aires became the capital of Argentina, and from that period, on the wave of the “meat boom”, its rise began. The city received wide avenues, spacious squares, many buildings in the “Parisian style”, monuments and fountains. Now about 40% of the country’s population lives in Buenos Aires and its suburbs,
The sights of Buenos Aires include: the old district of La Boca, the historical zone of the San Telmo district with a huge number of bars and an antiques market on Plaza Dorrego, the “heart of the city” – Plaza de Mayo (the largest shopping area in the world), the Metropolitan Cathedral (it houses the grave of José da San Martin, the national hero of the country during the struggle for independence), the Museum of Natural Sciences, the Museum of Fine Arts, the International Art Gallery, the Fernandez Blanco Museum (Museum of Colonial Art). The National Museum of Art, the Museum of Cinema, the National Historical Museum, the famous Colon Theater is the center of opera and ballet art throughout South America. There are many parks in the city, many of which are literally squeezed among skyscrapers, but carefully guarded by local residents.
Few people know that there are as many as 120 museums in the capital of Argentina!
The climate is the most favorable weather – in spring and autumn, in summer (December – February) it can be too hot and humid, in winter (June – August) – on the contrary, it is cool; cultural life in the city boils all year round.
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